Trampoline Terms

  • Straight Jump – vertical jump with the body held straight

  • Tuck Jump – pull the knees up to the chest during a straight jump the knees and ankle

  • Open or “Open Tuck” — to do a tuck but not hold the knees. Used when doing multiple flips with twists so arms can create twist and the abs are used to tuck tight. Its hard to hold it without arms as int he Tuck Jump

  • Pike Jump –  legs are straight, lifted up towards the body

  • Straddle Jump – legs are spread sideways like a star, the arms reach out to touch the toes

  • Hands & Knees Drop - a landing position landing on all fours to help  build skills. (See the GRT Freestyle Trampoline Program)

  • Swan Jump — jump and bend back bringing feet up behind you with hip extension and open shoulders

  • Seat Drop – landing in a seated position with the legs straight out in front 

  • Turn Half Twist and Full Twist – a straight jump rotating the body either 90 degrees to face the opposite direction for a half twist or a 360° rotation for a full twist

  • Swivel Hips – a seat drop landing, followed by a bounce up to a straight position (without landing) then a half twist to land in another  seat drop, facing in the opposite direction

  • Stomach Drop – landing face down, with the arms bent to form a diamond shape in front of the face

  • Back Drop – landing on your back with the legs bent up at about 90° on landing 

  • Roller — Seat Drop Full Twist To Seat Drop

  • Turn Table – from stomach drop, perform a half twist then land in stomach drop. Imagine A Turtle turning around.

  • Cradle – from back drop, perform a half twist then land in back drop 

  • Crash Dive – a front flip performed in a straight position that lands in the back drop position

  • Pullover – a three quarter back flip from back drop position that lands on the feet

  • Porpoise (USA) or Bounce Roll (UK) - from back drop, perform a front flip to land in back drop position

  • BallOut – a front flip from back drop position that lands on feet, usually performed after a Crash Dive

  • Round Off — a cartwheel on the ground where athletes turns the body so they are pushed backwards after the cartwheel to connect it to a backwards flip. It is the most common start to any backwards tumbling pass because it can create power from a forward run and transition it to a backwards tumbling pass

  • Aerial — a roundoff with no hands

  • Dive Roll — a running jump into a front flip where the athlete rolls out of it as smoothly as possible and continues the movement on their feet afterwards

  • Front Hand Spring — a flip where the athlete puts hands down in the middle of a frontwards flip either on the floor or a raised platform and flips over it  and lands facing forwards 

  • Back Hand Spring — a flip where the athlete puts hands down in the middle of a backwards flip

  • Barani – a front flip with a half twist

  • Cody – a back flip from stomach drop position that lands on the feet

  • Kaboom – a three quarter back flip from back drop position initiated by the heels bouncing off the trampoline

  • Zack – a three quarter front flip from the stomach drop position that lands on feet. The reverse of a Kaboom.

  • Arabian – an early half twist into a back flip so it feels more like a front flip for the athlete 

  • Front Full – a full-twisting front flip

  • Back Full (or just “A Full”) – a full-twisting back flip

  • Cork — from snowboarding and skiing also adopted by “Trickers” who are Freestyle Martial Artists. To Learn About Different Freestyle Categories see our Full Training Program

  • Rudy – a single straight front flip with one and a half twists

  • Randy – a single front flip with two and a half twists

  • Adolph – a single front flip with three and a half twists

  • Full-In – a double back flip with a full twist in the first flip 

  • Full-Out – a double back flip with a full twist in the second flip 

  • Fliffus – a double front flip with a half twist

  • Triffus – a triple back flip with a full twist in the first flip

  • Quadriffus – a quadruple back flip with a full twist in the first flip

  • Full In-Rudy Out – a double front flip with a full twist in the first flip and one and a half twists on the second flip. Skills are named based on where the twists are in the flip and how many ‘fulls’ or ‘halves’ ‘in’ the first flip compared to ‘out’ on the last flip before landing

  • Miller – a double back flip with three full twists - invented by 'Wayne Miller' a famous American Diver

  • Miller Plus/ Killer – a double back flip with four full twists 

  • Miller Plus Plus/ Killer Plus/ Thriller – a double back flip with five full twists 

  • Tsukahara -“Tsuk” – a Barani followed by a back flip where hands are placed on the surface like a roundoff on floor

  • Adolph – a single front flip with three and a half twists

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